What is Diabetes Mellitus?
docDiabetes is a chronic disease where there is an abnormally high level of glucose (sugar) in the blood due to problems with a hormone in the body called insulin.

Insulin is produced by an organ in the body called the Pancreas. The pancreas is located near the stomach and will produce and release insulin into the bloodstream when the blood sugar goes up after we eat.

Any problems with either the production of insulin by the pancreas or the insulin not working properly results in diabetes.

What Are The Types of Diabetes?

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There are 3 types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 or (insulin dependent diabetes) with this type of diabetes, there is either complete or near absence of insulin in the body. The pancreas is destroyed and unable to produce insulin either due to self destruction (autoimmune), genetic or due to various infections of the pancreas.
  • Type 2 diabetes (non insulin dependent diabetes) insulin is present in the body but is unable to effectively decrease the levels of blood glucose (sugar). This results in abnormally high levels of blood glucose as the insulin produced cannot transport the sugar into the cells for energy production.
  • Gestational Diabetes is seen in pregnancy. There is a steady decline in insulin’s ability to decrease the high level of glucose (sugar) in the body as the pregnancy progresses. Maternal insulin secretion cannot increase sufficiently to counteract the decrease in insulin sensitivity. Babies born are big and mothers shave a higher risk of developing diabetes after delivery. In some mothers, diabetes disappears after delivery.
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    Drinking large volumes of water (polydipsia)
    Passing large volumes of urine especially at night (nocturia)
    Severe weight loss (mostly type 1 DM)
    Increased appetite
    Poor healing process
    Fatigue (tiredness)
    Blurred vision
    Increased risk of infections

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